Schools in the region of CALABARZON have been included in Ronaldo Bucud’s, a student in the School of Global Urban and Social Studies of the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, on-going research on the participation of communities in school management.
Using a set of variables determined by the researcher, with the guidance of the Department of Education, Bucud has chosen San Juan National High School from the district of Panukulan and Tulo-Tulo Elementary School from the district of Sariaya, both from the province of Quezon, to participate. The Field Technical Assistance Division of the Regional Office and the Division of Quezon are also included in the study.
The study titled “Community Participation in School Management: Studying the effect of decentralization on the practice of community participation in the school management” aims to determine if the enactment of Republic Act 9155, or the Governance of Basic Education Act has affected community participation in the Philippines.
Bucud will examine interrelated areas, namely the views of the stakeholders in community participation, depth of quality of the participation of the community, and the existing mechanisms and see whether they are working or not to determine the effects of education decentralization.
“Have we actually move from more traditional ways of participation? Have we graduated from that, moving into other spaces of school based management?” Bucud asked during his discussion at the DepEd IV-A office.
Using semi-structured interviews, focus groups discussions, and documents provided by the respondents, the study looks into the role of the School Governing Council, day-to-day work in school managing, and the perspectives of the different respondents on school based management, Bucud was able to identify changes in school management perception and participation.
His data revealed that respondents all viewed that the community’s involvement is pertinent in delivering quality education service while the school is essential in improving the community through various programs and activities.
His findings also showed that after the enactment of RA 9155, community participation has extended to different areas other than raising funds for the school or simply attending meetings.
“External and internal stakeholders have been engaged in school planning either as members of the planning team or participants during consultation workshops,” Bucud explained.
He adds that external stakeholders have also been involved in developing the school’s appearance while students are part of the governing body of the school through enforcing policies and implementing activities.
Bucud also cites the Brigada Eskwela as another example in the changing patterns of community participation.
Through these data gathered, Bucud hopes that his research will provide the necessary information in reviewing existing legal frameworks involving school based management, and also for better disemmenation and implementation of policies. He also hopes that this will help educators and stakeholders further engage the community in school management and to continuously rethink of strategies to participate.
The research is also being conducted in Region 1. A total of 135 respondents composing of division offices, school heads, and other stakeholders are expected to participate in the study.
Ma. Joan Paula Dino
Public Affairs Unit, DepEd IV-A